The legend says that a flowering dogwood tree was used to make the cross of the crucifixion and as a result it now grows as a living memory of the event.
Various aspects of the crucifixion are said to be symbolized as follows:
- The Cross is represented by the four "petals" (bracts) of many dogwood flowers which form a cross.
- The Nails are represented by the marks on the outer edge of the pedals, said to be nail marks.
- The Crown of Thorns is represented by the center of the flower which can resemble a crown.
- The Blood is represented by the red dogwood berries.